SALIVARY GLAND TUMOURS: A 16 YEAR REVIEW AT JUTH, JOS

Title of Paper SALIVARY GLAND TUMOURS: A 16 YEAR REVIEW AT JUTH, JOS
Authors Otoh EC, Mandong BM, Danfillo IS, Jalo PI
Year of Publication/Presentation 2006
Publication Details/Conference Venue Nig J of Clin Biomed Res 2006; 1(1): 51-56.
Research Area Oral Cancers
Background: There is a dearth of information on the history of salivary gland tumours in Northern Nigeria.
Objective: To document the epidemiology of salivary gland tumours seen at the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Jos.
Design: A Retrospective study.
Materials and Methods: The duplicate histology report and case notes of all cases of reportable salivary gland tumours seen at the JUTH over a period of 16 years were retrieved from the histopathology department. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, histological type and relevant clinical parameters were extracted and entered for data analysis using the BAHNO Minimum Dataset for Cancers.
Results: A total of 117 cases of histologically confirmed salivary gland tumours were seen at JUTH during the period. The benign-malignant ratio was 2.7:1. Parotid gland was the most affected site (52.1%). Pleomorphic adenoma (89.4%) and mucoepidermoid carcinoma (22.6%) were the most common benign and malignant tumours reported respectively. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma occurs commonly within the 2nd and 5th decades of life, with no gender predilection. Pleomorphic adenoma occurs commonly within the 2nd and 3rd decades of life; with a fairly equal gender distribution (M:F= 1:1.2). Though there were greater delay in presentation in benign cases (30.4 ± 24.2 months) compared to malignant cases (12± 6.9 months), the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.09).
Conclusion: Pleomorphic adenoma and mucoepidermoid carcinoma were the most common benign and malignant tumours reported in Jos and the parotid gland most common site affected.Résumé
Fond abstrait : Il y a un manque d’information sur l’histoire de tumeurs de glande salivaires dans Nigéria Septentrional. Objectif : Pour documenter l’épidémiologie de tumeurs de glande salivaires vues à l’Université de Jos Enseignant l’Hôpital (JUTH), Jos. Conception : Un Matériels Rétrospectifs d’étude et les Méthodes : Le rapport d’histologie de double et les notes de cas de tous cas de reportable les tumeurs de glande salivaires vues au JUTH par-dessus une période de 16 années ont été rapportées du département de histopathology. L’information sur les caractéristiques socio-démographiques, le type histologique et les paramètres cliniques pertinents a été extraite et a été entrée pour l’analyse de données utilisant le BAHNO Dataset Minimum pour Cancers. Résultats : Un total de 117 cas de tumeurs de glande salivaires histologiquement confirmées a été vu